O impacto da rotina de pausas ativas no ambiente de trabalho na percepção de estresse, dor e qualidade do sono em trabalhadores administrativos

Autores

  • Daniel Dias Sandy Diretor Técnico, Pausa Ativa Ocupacional, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil https://orcid.org/0009-0000-3856-4272
  • Leandra Batista-Ferreira Diretora Científica, Pausa Ativa Ocupacional, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil e Universidade de Brasília, UnB, Brasília, DF, Brasil
  • Bernardo Minelli Rodrigues Professor Titular, Centro Universitário UNIFAMINAS, Muriae, MG, Brasil, Professor Titular, Instituto Superior de Educação do Município de Itaperuna, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.61661/BJLM.2023.v2.76

Palavras-chave:

estresse ocupacional, dor lombar, comportamento sedentário, pausas ativas, estresse, sono, trabalhadores administrativos

Resumo

Introdução: O sedentarismo comportamental é considerado um grave problema de saúde pública no mundo. O estresse, lombalgia e a má qualidade do sono estão entre as maiores causas de presenteísmo e afastamento no ambiente de trabalho e uma melhor gestão do sedentarismo durante a jornada pode ser um promotor de saúde e produtividade dos trabalhadores. Objetivo: Investigar o impacto da introdução da rotina de pausas ativas na atividade física diária, na autopercepção do estresse, lombalgia e qualidade do sono em trabalhadores administrativos. Método: Estudo descritivo-exploratório realizado com 114 profissionais administrativos de ambos os sexos (76% mulheres). Os participantes foram orientados a seguir uma rotina de pausas ativas durante 12 semanas com apoio de um aplicativo (APP) e foi utilizado um questionário pré e pós intervenção. Resultados/Discussão: Antes da intervenção 75,4% dos trabalhadores não realizavam pausas ativas. Após intervenção 39,5% dos trabalhadores passaram a praticar pelo menos 1 pausa ativa diariamente e 44% passaram a fazer 2 ou mais pausas ativas por dia (p=0.01). Foi observada uma redução significativa na percepção do estresse (p=0,004) e de dores lombares durante a jornada (p<0,001), sendo que 32% dos participantes alegaram não sentirem mais dor após a intervenção. Além disso, observamos uma melhora na qualidade do sono (p=0,001) e aumento significativo na frequência de exercício semanal no grupo (p<0,0001) Os resultados indicam uma associação positiva entre a gestão do comportamento sedentário no ambiente de trabalho e percepção de sinais relacionados ao estresse físico e mental. Conclusão: A rotina de pausas ativas no ambiente de trabalho parece ter um impacto positivo no sedentarismo, na redução da percepção dor, estresse e qualidade do sono em trabalhadores administrativos, podendo fazer parte de orientações ergonômicas para empregadores e órgãos regulatórios. A incorporação dessa rotina pode resultar em funcionários mais ativos e menos reativos ao estresse físico e psicofisiológico relacionado ao trabalho, promovendo assim um ambiente de trabalho mais saudável e produtivo, além de impactar na qualidade do sono e ser um potencializador do aumento da atividade física no período de lazer.

Métricas

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Biografia do Autor

Daniel Dias Sandy, Diretor Técnico, Pausa Ativa Ocupacional, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil

Leandra Batista-Ferreira, Diretora Científica, Pausa Ativa Ocupacional, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil e Universidade de Brasília, UnB, Brasília, DF, Brasil

Bernardo Minelli Rodrigues, Professor Titular, Centro Universitário UNIFAMINAS, Muriae, MG, Brasil, Professor Titular, Instituto Superior de Educação do Município de Itaperuna, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil

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2023-10-24

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Sandy DD, Batista-Ferreira L, Rodrigues BM. O impacto da rotina de pausas ativas no ambiente de trabalho na percepção de estresse, dor e qualidade do sono em trabalhadores administrativos. B J Lifestyle Med [Internet]. 24º de outubro de 2023 [citado 18º de julho de 2024];2:1-24. Disponível em: http://publicacoes.cbmev.org.br/bjlm/article/view/76

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